Stone implements dating from 9000 to 2400bc

One Irish example, from Ballinagroun, has had its original Classical engraved decoration beaten over to erase it (not quite successfully), and then a new Unaccomplished scheme added (see below for these classifications).

The first two examples illustrated show roughly the range of widths of the lowest part of the lunula that is found.

Finds in graves are rare, perhaps suggesting they were regarded as clan or group property rather than personal possessions, and though some were found in bogs, perhaps suggesting ritual deposits, more were found on higher ground, often under standing stones.

Most gold lunulae have decorative patterns very much resembling beaker pottery from roughly the same period, using geometrical patterns made up of straight lines, with zig-zags and criss-cross patterns, and many different axes of symmetry.

In addition to the Bible, many very early historical records also document this Flood.

Two problems about which there are great differences are: the date of the Flood, and whether it was local or universal.

Although no lunula has been directly dated, from associations with other artefacts it is thought they were being made sometime in the period between 2200–2000 BC; it is possible they were all the work of a handful of expert goldsmiths, though the three groups are presumed to have had different creators.

Several examples have a heavily crinkled appearance suggesting that they had been rolled up at some point.

They are normally flat and thin, with roundish spatulate terminals that are often twisted to 45 to 90 degrees from the plane of the body.The stylus used often leaves tell-tale impressions on the surface of the gold and it is thought that all the lunulae from Kerivoa, and another two from Saint-Potan, Brittany and Harlyn Bay, Cornwall were all made with the same tool.This suggests that all five lunulae were the work of one craftsperson and the contents of the Kerivoa box their tools of trade.From this it is thought that Lunulae were made by hammering a rod of gold flat so it became sheet-like and fitted the desired shape.Decoration was then applied by impressing designs with a stylus.

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